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Shirk

Al-Kabaa’ir Major Sins


1. Associating partners with Allaah (Shirk)

– Great Shirk: worshipping beings other than Allah (proof all over Qur’an);

– Small Shirk: Riya;

“Should I not inform you of that which I fear for you even more than the dangers of dajjaal? It is the hidden shirk: A person stands to pray and he beautifies his prayer because he sees the people looking at him”. (Sahih, Sunan ibn Majah)

2. Committing murder

And those who do not invoke with Allah another deity or kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed], except by right, and do not commit unlawful sexual intercourse. And whoever should do that will meet a penalty. (Qur’an 25:68)

3. Performing Sorcery

And they followed [instead] what the devils had recited during the reign of Solomon. It was not Solomon who disbelieved, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic and that which was revealed to the two angels at Babylon, Harut and Marut. But the two angels do not teach anyone unless they say, “We are a trial, so do not disbelieve [by practicing magic].” And [yet] they learn from them that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife. But they do not harm anyone through it except by permission of Allah . And the people learn what harms them and does not benefit them. But the Children of Israel certainly knew that whoever purchased the magic would not have in the Hereafter any share. And wretched is that for which they sold themselves, if they only knew.(Qur’an 2:102)

4. Not performing the Prayers

But there came after them successors who neglected prayer and pursued desires; so they are going to meet evil -(Qur’an 19:59)

5. With holding the Zakah (Charity)

And let not those who [greedily] withhold what Allah has given them of His bounty ever think that it is better for them. Rather, it is worse for them. Their necks will be encircled by what they withheld on the Day of Resurrection. And to Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth. And Allah , with what you do, is [fully] Acquainted.(Qur’an 3:180)

6. Breaking the fast of Ramadhan or not fasting in that month without a valid excuse

Prophet (saw) said,

“Islaam is built upon five pillars: testifying that there is no true god except Allah and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, performing the prayers, paying the Zakah, making the pilgrimage to the house, and fasting the month of Ramadhan” (Sahih al-Jami # 2837)

7. Not performing the pilgrimage when one has the ability to do so (above hadith)

8. Disobeying one’s parents

And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.(Qur’an 17:23)

9. Cutting off the ties of relationships

So would you perhaps, if you turned away, cause corruption on earth and sever your [ties of] relationship?(Qur’an 47:22)

10. Committing adultery or fornication

And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way.(Qur’an 17:32)

11. Committing sodomy

The Prophet (saw) said,

“Allaah will not look at a person (with pleasure) who commits sodomy with a man or a woman” (Sahih al-Jami # 7678)

12. Taking or paying interest

Those who consume interest cannot stand [on the Day of Resurrection] except as one stands who is being beaten by Satan into insanity. That is because they say, “Trade is [just] like interest.” But Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest. So whoever has received an admonition from his Lord and desists may have what is past, and his affair rests with Allah . But whoever returns to [dealing in interest or usury] – those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide eternally therein.(Qur’an 2:275)

13. Devouring the wealth of orphans

Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze.(Qur’an 4:10)

14. Forging statements concerning Allaah or forging Hadith

And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied about Allah [with] their faces blackened. Is there not in Hell a residence for the arrogant?(Qur’an 39:60)

15. Fleeing from the battle

And whoever turns his back to them on such a day, unless swerving [as a strategy] for war or joining [another] company, has certainly returned with anger [upon him] from Allah , and his refuge is Hell – and wretched is the destination.(Qur’an 8:16)

16. Wrongdoing, deception or oppression on the part of the ruler

The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannize upon the earth without right. Those will have a painful punishment.(Qur’an 42:42)

17. Being arrogant, boastful, vain

Assuredly, Allah knows what they conceal and what they declare. Indeed, He does not like the arrogant.(Qur’an 16:23)

18. Giving false testimony

And [they are] those who do not testify to falsehood, and when they pass near ill speech, they pass by with dignity.(Qur’an 25:72)

19. Drinking alcoholic beverages

O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.(Qur’an 5:90)

20. Gambling (above verse)

21. Slandering innocent women

Indeed, those who [falsely] accuse chaste, unaware and believing women are cursed in this world and the Hereafter; and they will have a great punishment(Qur’an 24:23)

22. Misappropriating something from the booty

It is not [attributable] to any prophet that he would act unfaithfully [in regard to war booty]. And whoever betrays, [taking unlawfully], will come with what he took on the Day of Resurrection. Then will every soul be [fully] compensated for what it earned, and they will not be wronged.(Qur’an 3:161)

23. Stealing

[As for] the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands in recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah . And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise.(Qur’an 5:38)

24. Committing highway robbery

Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment,(Qur’an 5:33)

25. Making false oath

Prophet (saw) said,

“If someone is ordered to take an oath and he takes a false oath in order to take possession of property of a Muslim, then he will incur Allah’s wreath when he meets Him” (Sahih al-Jami # 6083)

26. Committing oppression

Indeed, Allah orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded.(Qur’an 16:90)

27. Levying illegal taxes

Prophet (saw) said,

“Do you know who the bankrupt is? The bankrupt form my nation is the one who appears on the Day of Resurrection having performed the prayers, fasted and paid the zakah, but had also abused that person, slandered that person, wrongfully taken the wealth of that person and spilled the blood of that person. These people will take from his good deeds. If his good deeds are thereby exhausted, he will be given their sins and then he will be thrown into the hell-fire” (Sahih al-Jami #87)

28. Consuming forbidden wealth or taking it by any means

And do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly or send it [in bribery] to the rulers in order that [they might aid] you [to] consume a portion of the wealth of the people in sin, while you know [it is unlawful].(Qur’an 2: 188)

29. Committing suicide

O you who have believed, do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly but only [in lawful] business by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful.(Qur’an4: 29)

30. Being a perpetual liar

Then whoever argues with you about it after [this] knowledge has come to you – say, “Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then supplicate earnestly [together] and invoke the curse of Allah upon the liars [among us].”(Qur’an 3: 61)

31. Ruling by laws other than the laws of Islam


Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to Allah ] judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of Allah , and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the disbelievers.(Qur’an 5: 44)

32. Engaging in bribery


And do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly or send it [in bribery] to the rulers in order that [they might aid] you [to] consume a portion of the wealth of the people in sin, while you know [it is unlawful].(Qur’an 2: 188)

33. Women appearing like men and vice-versa

Prophet (saw) said,

“Allah’s curse is upon women who appear like men and upon men who appear like women” (Sahih al-Jami # 4976)

34. Being a dayyouth

Dayyouth: is the one who approves the indecency of his womenfolk and who is void of jealousy or the pimp who facilitates indecency between two people

Prophet (saw) said,

“Allah has forbidden the Paradise to three people: the alcoholic, the runaway slave, and the one who is complacent in the face of the evil deeds that his family is performing” (Sahih al-Jami # 3047)

35. Marrying for the purpose of making a woman allowable for another (Baqarah)

36. Not keeping clean from the remains of urine

Ibn Abbas reported that Prophet (saw) passed by a grave and said,

“These two are being punished and they are not being punished for something hard. But it is a great sin. One of them did not keep himself clean form his urine and the other went around spreading tales” (Sahih al-Jami # 2436)

37. Acting for show

So woe to those who pray [But] who are heedless of their prayer – Those who make show [of their deeds](Qur’an 107:4-6)

38. Acquiring knowledge only for worldly gain or concealing knowledge

Except for those who repent and correct themselves and make evident [what they concealed]. Those – I will accept their repentance, and I am the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.(Qur’an 2: 160)

39. Breaching trusts


O you who have believed, do not betray Allah and the Messenger or betray your trusts while you know [the consequence].(Qur’an 8: 27)

40. Reminding people of one’s kindness


Who break the covenant of Allah after contracting it and sever that which Allah has ordered to be joined and cause corruption on earth. It is those who are the losers.(Qur’an 2: 27)

41. Denying predestination


Indeed, all things We created with predestination.(Qur’an 54:49)

“If Allah were to punish the inhabitants of the heavens and earths, then He would punish and He would not be doing injustice to them. If He were to have mercy on them, His mercy would be greater than from their actions. If a person had amount of gold equivalent to Mount Uhud or similar to Mount Uhud and spent it in the Path of Allah, (that spending) would not be accepted form him by Allah until he believes in the preordainment of good and evil. And until he knows that what afflicted him was not going to miss him and what missed him was not going to afflict him. If you were to die with any belief other than that, you would enter the Hellfire” (Kitab al-Sunnah by Ibn Abu Asi # 245. Albani says that its chain is sahih)

42. Eavesdropping on other’s private conversation


O you who have believed, avoid much [negative] assumption. Indeed, some assumption is sin. And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful.(Qur’an 49:12)

43. Spreading harmful tales


And if they see a miracle, they turn away and say, “Passing magic.”(Qur’an 54:2)

44. Cursing others

Prophet (saw) said,

“Abusing a Muslim is evil and fighting him is disbelief” (Sahih al-Jami # 3598)

45. Not fulfilling one’s promises

Prophet (saw) said,

“Whoever has a four characteristic is a complete hypocrite. Whoever posses any of these characteristics has the characteristics of hypocrisy until he gives it up; whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it up…” (Bukhari)

46. Believing in what soothsayers and astrologers say

Prophet (saw) said,

“Whoever goes to fortuneteller and asks him about something will not have his prayer accepted for forty nights” (Sahih al-Jami # 5816)

47. A wife being rebellious to her husband

Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s] absence what Allah would have them guard. But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance – [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.(Qur’an 4:34)

48. Putting pictures of beings with souls on clothing, curtains, rocks and any other items

Prophet (saw) said,

“…the people who will receive the greatest punishment on the day of judgment are those who compete with Allah in creation [those who make pictures or statues]” (sahih al-Jami # 1691)

49. Striking one’s self, wailing, tearing one’s clothing, pulling one’s hair and similar deeds as a form of mourning

Prophet (saw) said,

“One who strikes his cheeks or tears his clothing and shouts in the manner of pre-Islamic culture is not one of us” (Sahih al-Jami # 5713)

50. Committing injustice


The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannize upon the earth without right. Those will have a painful punishment.(Qur’an 24: 42)

51. Being overbearing or taking advantage of the weak, slaves, wives or animals

Muslim narrated from Hisham bin Hakeem, who said:

“I bear witness that I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say; ‘Allah will punish those who punish the people in the Dunya.”

52. Harming neighbors

Prophet (saw) said,

“A person whose neighbor is not safe from his mischief will not enter paradise” (sahih al-Jami # 7002)

53. Harming and abusing Muslims


And those who harm believing men and believing women for [something] other than what they have earned have certainly born upon themselves a slander and manifest sin.(Qur’an 33: 58)

54. Wearing one’s clothes too long, i.e. below the ankles

Abu Sa’eed al-Khuddari relates the Messenger of Allaah said,

“The izar (lower garment) of a Muslim is to the middle of the shin and there is no sin if it comes halfway between that and his ankles, but what comes lower than the ankles is in the Hell-Fire. On the Day of Resurrection Allaah will not look at a man who drags his izar out of arrogance.” (Abu Daud, al-Nawawi declared it sahih)

“Have your izar halfway down to your shin, if you can not do it, have it upto the ankles. Beware of hanging down the izar for it is makheela (arrogance), and Allaah does not like arrogance.” (Abu Daud, Tirmidhi who declared it hasan-sahih) A man was praying with his izar hanging down. The Messenger of Allaah said to him, “Go and perform wudu’.” He went and performed wudu’. He came back and the Prophet said, “Go and perform wudu’.” A man asked, “O Messenger of Allaah, what is the matter with you that you commanded him to perform wudu’ and then you kept silent?” He replied, “He was praying while hanging down his izar, and Allaah does not accept the prayer of a man who hangs down his izar.” (Abu Daud, Nisai, Tabarani. Nawawi declared its isnad to be sahih on the conditions of Imam Muslim and Dhahabi agreed with him in his “al-Kaba-ir.” Shams al-Haqq al-Adeemabadi declared it to he hasan)

55. Harming the slaves of Allah

Prophet (saw) said that Allah said,

“Whoever shows enmity to a slave of Mine (Allah’s) I shall be at war with him” (Sahih al-Jami # 1778)

56. Men wearing silk and gold

Prophet (saw) said,

“Gold and silk have been permitted for the females of my nation and forbidden for its males” (Sahih al-Jami # 209)

Prophet (saw) said,

“Men who wears silk in this world will have no portion [of heavens] in the hereafter” (Muslim)

57. Running away of a slave

58. Sacrificing animals for other than Allah

Prophet (Saw) said,

“The one who sacrifices for other than Allah is cursed by Allah” (Sahih al-Jami # 4988)

59. Claiming that somebody is one’s father while the claimant knows it is not true

Prophet (saw) said,

“One who claims that someone is his father and knows that it is not true will be forbidden of paradise” (Sahih al-Jami # 5865)

60. Arguing or quarreling for show and not seeking the truth

Prophet (saw) said,

“Whoever argues in support of something that is wrong and he knows it Allah will be angry with him until he stops” (Sahih al-Jami # 6073)

61. Not allowing excess water to flow to others

Prophet (saw) said,

“Whoever doesn’t allow the access water or pasture for others will not share in the blessings of Allah on the day of judgment” (Sahih al-Jami # 6436)

62. Not measuring the weights properly


Woe to those who give less [than due], Who, when they take a measure from people, take in full. But if they give by measure or by weight to them, they cause loss.(Qur’an 83: 1-3)

63. Thinking that one is safe from Allah’s planning


Then did they feel secure from the plan of Allah ? But no one feels secure from the plan of Allah except the losing people.(Qur’an 7: 99)

64. Eating carrion, blood or pork meat


Say, “I do not find within that which was revealed to me [anything] forbidden to one who would eat it unless it be a dead animal or blood spilled out or the flesh of swine – for indeed, it is impure – or it be [that slaughtered in] disobedience, dedicated to other than Allah . But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit], then indeed, your Lord is Forgiving and Merciful.”(Qur’an 6: 145)

65. Not praying in the congregation and praying by one’s self without a valid excuse

Prophet (saw) said,

“Whoever hears the call to prayer and doesn’t come to prayer, there is no prayer for him say for the one who has valid excuse” (Sahih al-Jami # 6176)

66. Continually not performing the Friday prayers and congregational prayers without any valid excuse

Prophet (saw) said,

“If people don’t stop abandoning the Friday Prayers Allah may seal their hearts and they will become headless” (Muslim)

67. Harming others by manipulation one’s bequests


And for you is half of what your wives leave if they have no child. But if they have a child, for you is one fourth of what they leave, after any bequest they [may have] made or debt. And for the wives is one fourth if you leave no child. But if you leave a child, then for them is an eighth of what you leave, after any bequest you [may have] made or debt. And if a man or woman leaves neither ascendants nor descendants but has a brother or a sister, then for each one of them is a sixth. But if they are more than two, they share a third, after any bequest which was made or debt, as long as there is no detriment [caused]. [This is] an ordinance from Allah , and Allah is Knowing and Forbearing.(Qur’an 4: 12)

68. Being deceitful or deceptive


[Due to] arrogance in the land and plotting of evil; but the evil plot does not encompass except its own people. Then do they await except the way of the former peoples? But you will never find in the way of Allah any change, and you will never find in the way of Allah any alteration.(Qur’an 35: 43)

69. Spying on the Muslims and pointing out their secrets


[And] scorner, going about with malicious gossip -(Qur’an 68: 11)

70. Abusing or reviling anyone of the Companions of the Prophet (saw)

Prophet (saw) said,

“Do not revile my companions for, by the one in whose hands is my soul, if you were to spend in charity a mountain of gold similar to mount Uhud it would not be equal to a handful or a half a handful (or what they have done)” (Sahih al-Jami # 7187)

Based on adh-Dhahabi’s al-Kabaa’ir and The Path to Paradise by M. Tahlawi

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