The Qur’an is the word of Allah. The superiority of the Qur’an over the words of His creation is like the superiority of Allah Himself over His creation. The movement of the tongue in reciting the Qur’an is the best action that the tongue may ever perform.
There are many virtues in teaching and reciting the Qur’an, some of which are the following:
– The reward of teaching:
The Prophet saws said: “The best of you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.” (al-Bukhari).
– The reward of reciting:
The Prophet saws said: “Whoever reads one letter of the book of Allah will be rewarded for it with a good reward, and this good reward will be increased tenfold.” (At-Tirmidhi).
– The reward of learning the Qur’an, memorizing it and being skillful in its recitation:
The Prophet saws said: “The one who reads the Qur’an while having previously memorized it is with the angels, noble and dutiful, and the one who recites the Qur’an while it is difficult for him will receive two rewards.” (al-Bukhari and Muslim)
He also said: “It will be said (in Paradise) to the reciter of the Qur’an who acted upon its teachings: read, ascend and beautify as you did in your worldly life, for indeed your level is that equal to your last verse.” (at-Tirmidhi).
Al-Khattabi said: It has been mentioned in a narration that the number of levels in Paradise is equal to the number of verses of the Qur’an, so it will be said to the reciter: ascend as many levels as the number of verses you used to recite of the Qur’an. Those who recited the entire Qur’an will rise to the highest level in Paradise in the Hereafter, and those who recited part of it will ascend accordingly, until their reward is equal to the last verse of thir recitation.
– The reward for teaching the Qur’an to one’s children:
The Prophet saws said: “One who reads the Qur’an, learns it and acts upon it will place upon his parents a crown of light as brilliant as the sun. He will clothe them with cloaks that are more valuable than this whole world. They will ask: ‘Why are we made to wear this garment [of honor]? It will be said to them: ‘Due to the importance your child paid to the Qur’an'” (al-Hakim).
– Intercession of the Qur’an for its reciter in the Hereafter:
The Prophet saws said: “Recite the Qur’an, for it will intercede for its companions on the Day of Ressurection.” (Muslim).
He also said: “A slave’s fasting and recitation of the Qur’an will intercede for him on the Day of Ressurection.” (Ahmed).
– The reward of those who congregate for the recitation and study of the Qur’an:
The Prophet said: “No people gather in a house of the houses of Allah [mosques], reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that tranquility descends upon them, mercy covers them, the angels surround them, and Allah mentions them to those in His company.” (Abu Dawud).
The Etiquette of Reciting the Qur’an
Ibn Katheer mentioned some of these etiquettes, and among them are the following:
– One should neither recite nor touch the Qur’an except in a state of purification.
– One should use Siwak to clean his teeth before recitation.
– One should wear his best clothes.
– One should face the direction of prayer (Qiblah).
– One should pause his recitation when yawning.
– One should not interrupt his recitation and speak, except if necessary.
– One should be attentive to what he is reciting.
– One should pause at a verse mentioning reward and ask Allah for that reward.
– One should pause at a verse mentioning punishment and seek refuge in Allah from that punishment.
– One should not leave the Qur’an opened, nor place anything on it.
– One should not rise his voice when reciting to the extent that he confuses other adjacent reciters.
– One should not recite in marketplaces and places of distracting noise.
The Manner of Recitation
When Anas ra was asked about the recitation of the Prophet saws, he said: “He would elongate it, so when he read ‘Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem’, he would elongate Allah, ar-Rahman, and ar-Raheem.” (al-Bukhari).
Multiplication of Reward
Every person who recites the Qur’an purely for Allah’s sake will receive reward, but this reward is multiplied if the recitation is accompanied with attentiveness, contemplation and understanding of what is being recited. If it is done in this manner, each recited letter will be multiplied from ten to seven hundred times.
The companions of the Prophet saws would recite the Qur’an daily, and none of them would make a habit in reciting the whole Qur’an in less than a week. Rather, they were prohibited from reciting it in less than three days.
*from “An Explanation of the Last Tenth of the Noble Qur’an“