Jabl ar-Rahmah (the Mount of Mercy) is the mountain that lies in the plains of Arafah. It represents the beginning of man’s creation.
The Mount of Mercy which stands about 70 meters high, is a granite hill to the east of the Holy City of Makkah. It was on this Mount that Adam made sincere dua to Allah for forgiveness. It is also where he and Hawwa, separated for 200 years following their expulsion from the Garden of Paradise, finally found each other and were reunited. Here too they were forgiven by Allah, the Merciful, for their transgression.
The day of ‘Arafah is the most important day for a Haji. Whilst only a select few of the Ummah are chosen by Allah Ta’ala to physically be on the plains of ‘Arafat on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, there are several virtues and deeds mentioned regarding the day of ‘Arafah which apply to those afar as well.
The day of ‘Arafah is one of the best days of the year and we have much information regarding its virtues:
Anas (radiyallahu’anhu) said: “The day of ‘Arafah equals 10 000 days in virtue” (At-Targheeb, vol. 2 pg.200 & Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.460)
“On the day of Arafah, Allah frees even those who are not physically in Arafah.” (Ibn Rajab -rahimahullah in Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.482). Therefore the next day is Eid for all.
“Fasting on the day of Arafah will expiate the sins of the past and future year.” (Sahih Muslim)
Rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihiwasallam) said: “He who protects his ears, eyes & tongue on this day (Day of ‘Arafah) will be forgiven”(Musnad Ahmad with a reliable chain, Majma’uz Zawaid, vol.3 pg.251)
The day of ‘Arafah is the day when Shaytan is most humiliated, due to Allah’s extensive forgiveness. (Muwatta Imam Malik, Musnad Ahmad & Ibn Majah, hadith:3013)
The Day of ‘Arafah has also been labelled as “Yawmul Eid” by Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radiyallahu’anhu) as its the day in which Allah Ta’ala announced the perfection of Islam:
“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [Al Ma’idah:3]
Allah ta’ala revealed this verse in the foremost day of the year, Day of Arafah in the 10th year of Hijrah, to the Mercy to Mankind, Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu’alaihiwasallam), in the presence of the greatest Muslims of our nation (150.000 sahaba), during the greatest day of the week ( Friday, which is Jumu’ah), right after ‘Asr, when prayers are readily accepted. It was revealed on the great plain of Arafah, near the Mount of Mercy (Jabl ar-Rahmah), when the greatest number of Muslims had gathered in on place.
On this day – 9th Dhul Hijjah – in 632 CE, 10 AH, the Prophet (sallallahu’alaihiwasallam) delivered his Final Sermon on Mount Arafah:
It is recommended to do as many good deeds as possible on this blessed day of Arafah, such as:
- reading, reciting, memorizing Qur’an;
- taubah and istighfar (repentance and asking forgiveness from Allah ta’ala);
- reciting a lot the kalimah shahadah;
- excessive Du’a (asking from Allah ta’ala);
- sadaqah (giving alms to the poor);
- dhikr (remembrance of Allah ta’ala);
In Musnad Ahmad (see Majma’uz Zawaid, vol.3 pg.252), we read that rasulullah (sallallahu’alaihiwasallam) would recite the following abundantly on the day of Arafah:
Lailaha illallahu Wahdahu lasharika lahu lahulMulku walahulHamdu biyadihilKhairu wahuwa ‘ala kulli shai-inQadir
كان أكثر دعاء النبي عليه السلام يوم عرفة
“لاإلٰه إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد بيده الخير وهو على كل شئ قدير“
Also, in Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.494, we read ‘Ali’s (radiyallahu’anhu) dua on the Day of ‘Arafah:
Allahumma a’tiq raqabati minanar wa awsi’li minar Rizqil Halal,wasrif ‘anni fasaqatil Jinni wal ins
Translation: O Allah! Free me from the fire, increase my lawful sustenance, and keep away the transgressive Jin and humans from me.
:دعاء سيدنا علي رضي الله عنه يوم عرفة
اللهم أعتق رقبتي من النار، وأَوسِعْ لِيْ مِنَ الرّزقِ الحلال، وَاصْرِفْ عني فَسَقة الجن والإنس
-ابن أبي الدنيا