There are few categories of individuals who are recipients of Allah’s love because of their deeds. One would think these positive statements of Allah’s love would bring us a revelation of the personal and infinite love of Allah to mankind. What we find are statements of conditional love based on human activity.
1. Allah ta’ala loves al-muhasneen, those who do good.
The muhasneen or those who do good deeds [hasanats]. In some contexts, it implies giving of one’s money or goods for Allah’s cause. See verses 2:195, 3:134, 3:148, 5:14, 5:96
2. Allah ta’ala loves al-mutadhreen, the pure and clean. See verses 2:222, 9:108
3. Allah ta’ala loves al-mutaqeen, those who are righteous. See verses 3:76, 9:4, 9:7, 19:96
4. Allah ta’ala loves al-muqasiteen, those who are just and judge rightly. See verses 5:45, 49:9, 60:8
5. Allah ta’ala loves al-mutawakileen, those who trust Him. See verse 3:159
6. Allah ta’ala loves as-sabireen, the persevering or patient. See verse 3:146
7. Allah ta’ala loves those who love Him and follow the Prophet. See verse 3:31
8. Allah ta’ala loves those who fight in His cause. See verse 61:4
While the following do not state that Allah ta’ala hates, it certainly enforces the idea that the love of Allah ta’ala is withheld from those who practice certain deeds or are described as manifesting a certain character. Several of the verses are repetitious and so we have the following categories.
1. Allah ta’ala does not love al-mua’tadeen, the excessive. Those involved in brutal aggression.Those who are overstepping the boundaries or limits. See verses 2:190, 5:90, 7:55
2. Allah ta’ala does not love al-fasideen [mufasideen], the corrupt. See verses 2:205, 5:67
The word al-mufasideen is actually much stronger than the translation of “Mischief,” by the translator. The Arabic word conveys the stronger idea of corruption, decay, and decomposition. In the moral sense it becomes depravity, iniquity, perversion and in today’s usage implies immorality. Thus, this is not referring to people who may have done mischievous things, but one who has fallen into corruption and immorality. The translator may not have been aware of the weakened sense of the word mischief in our English of today.
3. Allah ta’ala does not love al-kafireen, the unbelievers.
In the verses 2:276, 3:32, 30:45, the intensive form of the word is used to indicate one who is an inveterate unbeliever. One who practices the rejection of truth. The use of ungrateful falls short of the intensive meaning of the Arabic word.
4. Allah ta’ala does not love ad-dalemeen, the wrongdoers. See verses 3:57, 3:140, 42:40
The word is related to darkness, gloominess and by extension to the heinous oppressor, the unjust tyrant. Thus the one who practices wrong.
5. Allah ta’ala does not love al-musarifeen, the wasters. See verses 6:141, 7:31
6. Allah ta’ala does not love al-mustakibereen, al- fraheen, mkhtal fkhur: the proud and boasting, those who boast in their riches, the boaster. See verses 16:23, 28:76, 31:18, 57:23, 4:36
7. Allah ta’ala does not love al-kha’ineen, the treacherous. See 8:58
8. Allah ta’ala does not love those who are given to crime and to evil speaking. See 4:107, 4:148